Alexander Nevsky (1938 Russian Film)

Alexander Nevsky, Алекса́ндр Не́вский, is a 1938 historical drama film directed by Sergei Eisenstein. It depicts the tried invasion of Novgorod in the 13th century by the Teutonic Knights of the Holy Roman Empire and their defeat by Prince Alexander, best-known popularly as Alexander Nevsky (1220–1263).

Eisenstein created the film in association with Dmitri Vasilyev and with a script co-written with Pyotr Pavlenko; they were allotted to confirm that Eisenstein|Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein film producer didn’t stray into “formalism” and to facilitate shooting on an inexpensive timetable. it was created by Goskino via the Mosfilm production unit, with Nikolai Cherkasov in the role and a sheet music by Sergei Prokofiev, Alexander Nevsky was the primary and most popular of Eisenstein’s 3 sound films. In 1941 Sergei Eisenstein, Pavlenko, Cherkasov and Abrikosov were awarded the Joseph Stalin Prize for the film.

In 1978 the film was enclosed in the world’s 100 best motion pictures in step with an opinion poll conducted by the Italian publishing house Arnoldo Mondadori Editore.

Russia beyond considers the film one amongst the 10 best Russian war films.

The story of how a great Russian prince led a ragtag army to battle an invading force of Teutonic Knights.
Directors: Sergei M. Eisenstein (as S. Eisenstein), Dmitriy Vasilev (as D. Vasilyev)
Writers: Sergei M. Eisenstein (as S. Eisenstein), Pyotr Pavlenko (as P. Pavlenko)
Stars: Nikolay Cherkasov, Nikolai Okhlopkov, Andrei Abrikosov

The Teutonic Knights invade and conquer the town of Pskov with the assistance of the traitor Tverdilo and massacre its population. in the face of resistance by the boyars and merchants of Novgorod (urged on by the monk Ananias), Nevsky rallies the folk of Novgorod and in a very decisive Battle of the Ice, on the surface of the frozen Lake Peipus or Chudskoe, they defeat the Teutonic knights. The story ends within the retaken Pskov, where the normal foot-soldiers are set free, the living Teutonic knights are control for ransom and Tverdilo is swarmed over by the vindictive folks (and purportedly torn to pieces).

Alexander Nevsky is a smaller amount experimental in its narrative structure than Eisenstein’s previous films: it tells one story with one narrative arc and focuses on one main character. The lighting tricks and picture taking were a number of the foremost advanced at the time.

The film climaxes in the time unit Battle of the Ice, propelled by Prokofiev’s ominous, rousing, triumphant musical narrative, a sequence that has served as a model for epic film battles ever since (e.g., Henry V, Spartacus, The Empire Strikes Back). This climactic scene was the primary to be recorded and, since it was shot throughout a blazing hot summer on a location outside Moscow, cameraman Eduard Tisse had to require extraordinary steps to render a wintry landscape, including: use of a filter to recommend winter light, painting all the trees light blue and dusting them with chalk, making an artificial horizon out of sand, and constructing simulated ice sheets out of asphalt and thawed glass, supported by floating pontoons that were deflated on cue in order that the ersatz ice sheets would shatter under the load of the Teutonic knights in line with pre-cut patterns.

In the 1990s a brand new, cleaner print became available. variety of symphony orchestras gave performances of Prokofiev’s classical music, synchronous with a showing of the new print. The new york Philharmonic, the Detroit symphony orchestra, the San Francisco Symphony, the Philadelphia Orchestra, and therefore the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra are 5 such ensembles. The concerts were quite in style, as a result of Prokofiev’s music is badly degraded by the first soundtrack recording, that suffers from extreme distortion and restricted frequency response, additionally as cuts to the first score to suit scenes that had already been shot. The classical music not only renovated cuts but significantly enlarged parts of the score.

In 1995, a brand new edition of the film was issued on VHS and laserdisc, that Prokofiev’s score was entirely re-recorded in hi-fi digital stereo by Yuri Temirkanov conducting the St. petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra and Chorus, though the dialogue parts of the sound-track were left unchanged. This enabled a brand new generation to expertise Eisenstein’s film and Prokofiev’s score in high fidelity, instead of having to accept the badly recorded musical portion that had existed since the film’s original release. there’s no version of the re-recorded score offered on DVD.

Multiple works have been influenced by or consult with Alexander Nevsky.

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